The following terms are defined for this online electronic journal system and supporting documentation.

A   B   C    D   E   F   G    H   I   J    K   L   M    N   O   P    Q   R   S    T   U   V    W   X  Y   Z

A

Abstract
A document that consists of a section of an article and that summarizes or gives a brief overview of the entire article.

Adobe® Acrobat Reader
The Adobe Acrobat Reader is the software used to enable users to view and print Portable Document Format (PDF) documents exactly as they appear in the hard-copy journals.

Advanced search form
A search form that includes capabilities to join terms, select categories, date restrictions and sort results.

Affiliations
Institutions with which the author of a document is associated.

Alerts
A feature that allows users to select journal titles (New Issue Alerts) or preschedule a search request (Search Alert) and send results to the user via e-mail.  This feature is available only on user/password authenticated systems.

Article
A document type that contains the entire record, including abstract, outline, full text with hypertext links, images, tables, and bibliographic references.

Authors
The person or persons responsible for writing a document.

top

B

Bibliographic Page
The page that lists relevant information about the article, including the title, author names, abstract, and references.  Use this page if you want a summary of the article information.

Bookmark
The method used by a browser for saving a specific location so that you can easily return to the page in the future simply by clicking on the direct link.

Boolean
A method of formatting a search by combining terms with operators, such as "AND", "OR, "NOT" in order to set the requirements for how query terms are returned in results.  Always capitalize Boolean operators when using them to search with ScienceServer.

Browse
To follow links in a page to scan through the list of journals, journal issues, and articles.

C

Categories
Subject classifications established to organize journal titles according to the subject coverage of each journal. This enables the sorting of the journals list by subject as well as the capability to restrict a search to a specific subject.  The Categories list is customizable on a site wide basis.

CrossRef

CrossRef is a collaborative reference linking service through which a researcher can click on a reference citation in a journal and immediately access the cited article.  CrossRef does not host the full text or abstracts of any journals, but enables linking to and from the journals contributed by participating publishers.  CrossRef lookups in ScienceServer are performed through the Elsevier Science Outward Linking Hub (OLH).

top

D

Database
A specific collection of information. Most sites typically have a single database for their full text collections, with separate databases for abstract databases.   

Download
The action of saving information to your disk, whether permanent or temporary,  for personal reference or use.

E

Expert Search Form
A search form that allows users to search by using free text entry and Boolean Operators.  The expert form also provides the capability to set date restrictions and to specify how results sort.

F

Full Text
The entire record for an article, including abstract, outline, full text, images, tables, and bibliographic references.  For this system, full text can be available through PDF or Full Text HTML.

Forward References

After an article is published, later publications may refer back to the original article.  These are exclusive to electronic data and are referred to as forward references.  ScienceServer dynamically lists and links the later references to the original article, collecting the data as new articles are loaded into the system.

top

H

HTML
HyperText Markup Language. Based on SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language), HTML is a
text-only markup language used to define the content structure (not the appearance) of a document on the World Wide Web.

Hypertext links
The highlighted or underlined text found in an online document that link to another document or a
specific point in the same document. 

I

IP authentication
Access authentication based on an organization's location on the Internet as defined by their IP (Internet Protocol) addresses.

ISSN
International Standard Serial Number. Identification number assigned individually to all journals.

Issue
A collection of articles published together in a single bound copy of a journal.

J

Journals List
The list of all electronic journals available from your site.

K

Keywords
Searchable subject matter terms designated by the author and/or the publisher's index terms.

top

L

Link
Highlighted or underlined text found in an online document that send the user to another document or a specific point within the same document.

Login
A user name and password entered for authentication in this system.

N

Navigate
The action of moving around within the system by clicking the buttons or links present on the pages.

Navigation bar
String of buttons which appears at the top of most ScienceServer pages. Click a button on the navigation bar to directly access a specific feature/function area of the application.

Non-subscribed journals
Journals to which an institution does not hold a subscription for unlimited use.   Limited access or transactional purchases may be required for non-subscribed journals.

O

OpenURL
ScienceServer software incorporates support for the OpenURL protocol.   If your organization uses OpenURL, you will see OpenURL links for issues, articles, and citations.  Click on the links to use your organization's OpenURL resolver to find the full text article and/or related information.

Outward Linking Hub (OLH)
A server provide by Elsevier Science (UK) that basically mirrors the information stored on the CrossRef server, thus allowing institutions to perform batch lookups to match locally loaded data/citation references with the location of the article full text on the internet. 

top

P

Portable Document Format (PDF)
A document type in ScienceServer that allows the user to view and print the full text of an article exactly as the document appears in the print journal issue. 

Preprint Articles
Preprint services have evolved as part of efforts towards enhancing scholarly information communications.  Research articles are placed on a server for sharing among scientific communities prior to print in a professional journals (preprint articles).  ScienceServer software creates links from citations to servers that share electronic scientific preprint literature collections, when links are defined through publisher data.  The physics archive is among the most well known, see http://arxiv.org/ for more information.

Proximity operators
Boolean connectors used in a search request to establish the location of one search term in relation to another search term

Publisher Item Identifier (PII)
The PII is an identification code set up for the purpose of uniquely identifying publication items. 

Q

Query
This term refers to the syntax of a specific search request.  The search terms entered by the user represent a query.

Query Report
The report that describes how your search terms are interpreted by the search engine, and reports the number of documents retrieved with matching terms.

Quick Search
The search capability provided on each of the browse pages, providing users with access to searching without use of the search forms.

top

R

References
List of works that are referred or consulted by the author(s) in the creation of the document, and listed as part of the document.  ScienceServer dynamically lists and links references to the local full text of the article or to the CrossRef defined location.

Refer Format
Information about the article in a format that is used by bibliographic software packages.  Get the information by selecting Get citation export (Reference Format).  EndNote and Procite use the data in this format.

Relevancy ranking
The process of displaying a search results list in an order based on an algorithm that considers the number of occurrences of the search term(s) in the documents and the density of the term(s) along with additional defined factors in order to display the most relevant documents first on the results pages.

S

Search
To request the electronic retrieval of documents based on the presence of specific terms and within other restrictions established (e.g., subject, date, journal, etc.).

Search results list
The list of documents retrieved as a result of a search request submitted.

Settings

The record of the personal details related to an individual user, containing information such as, name, address, e-mail, and display preferences (if available), etc.   Settings are used to set up a personal profile for the user, and are available only on systems that have user/password authentication.

Simple search
The basic search type for the novice user which consists of a text box for terms and a drop-down list to select the field.

Stop Words
Common words or characters that are ignored by the search engine, as they tend to slow down searches without improving the quality of the results. Stop words are reported as part of the query report.

Stemming
Automatic expansion of terms to include variants of the term based on different plural endings for words.    

Subscribed journals
The journal titles within the institution to which all users are entitled to browse and search at no additional cost.

top

T

Term completion
Also known as a wild card search.  Term completion allows a broader retrieval of terms by use of a special character (*).  For example, compu* returns compute, computer, compulsory, compound.

Thumbnail graphic/image
Small image box that holds the place of a graphic or image within the document.   Click on the graphic or image for a full size display.

U

User name
The login name of a personal login. Your institution may assign a user name or you may need to register for user name.

V

Volume
A series of journal issues established by the publisher.

Volume/Issue list
The list of the issues available for a specific journal.

W

Wildcard characters
Symbolic characters used in Boolean searching to allow a broader retrieval of terms (e.g., multiple verb tenses, including prefixes or suffixes, variations in spelling, etc.).   For this system, an asterisk (*) serves as the wild card character.

World Wide Web
Set of protocols which allow the retrieval and navigation of hypertext document collections from
computers connected to the Internet.

top

 

ScienceServer Online Help:    help contents   |  overviewquick start  |  quick reference  |  read and print  |  search  |  glossary

Version 5.4